Importance of Road Safety Education

Public health problems are taken into serious considerations for the effective solution of problems. Health problems include number of entities but unfortunately, things are not pertained into serious frame in our country ‘Pakistan’. Health and Education are the two important and focused parameters that should be on prior basis for any developing country because it is associated for the rapid change in the economy of respective country. Due to the increase in vehicle ownership, the graphical trend of road traffic accidents in Pakistan is abruptly disturbed which include minor, severe and fatal road crashes of all type of road users. The problem is again connected with the health issue, road traffic is not a problem that should be tackled through Enforcement action, it is a common health problem affecting common public. As per the statistical analysis of Social Research and Development Organization (Non Government Organization and Research center working on the effective road safety education culture and promotion for entire Sindh), high severity rate is recorded for Karachi, a metropolitan city of Pakistan. The areas include Korangi road, Korangi Industrial area, National Highway (Urban), MA Jinnah road and Shahrah-e-Faisal.

There is the immense need to facilitate the users in terms of effective road safety education. Education is the least important parameter among the three E’s of transportation but it could play the major role when set from initial phases. In this connection planning and management from the perspective of stakeholders is mandatory. Road users are not aware from civic sense, traffic rules and regulations and unfortunately they are the registered direct license holders of vehicles. This corresponds to the negligence driving by the road users and ultimately leading towards road crash. It is not the blame game to target the users but it needs the orientation of existing system. The system should be designed in a manner that without basic road safety knowledge, a person should not be able to withstand for his/her personal vehicle. Road safety education and important subject matter should be introduced at primary; secondary and higher level in order to better immaculate the awareness raising issue. Inauguration of traffic safety seminars, forums, conferences not only for the relevant stakeholders but also for the common man is another important way forward step of betterment. It should be the part of documented legislation that road users are capable enough to attend these types of seminars in the past at the time when license is issued.

Government functionary bodies, Private sector, Universities, Schools, Colleges, Engineers and Practitioners need to sit together and should work on the curriculum and syllabus of road safety education at different levels. For any productive result, the basics should be as stronger and involvement of road safety in the syllabus is the first step. After the accomplishment of this step, the further steps including the awareness programs, Engineering and Enforcement issues will be partially resolved. In the similar way, training sessions should be arranged and effectively designed for each class of road user like drivers, riders, pedestrians and passengers. Each class has its own responsibilities and rights and they are linked with technical traffic crash problem.

Road safety is a problem that cannot be resolved overnight or even removed but it can be minimized in number of ways discussed above. Apart from that, it is also the responsibility of every single individual to develop civic sense which is the major issue. Every one is interested in his/her own share within the traffic stream. The traffic environment is dependent on the players of the road that are basically road users and their skills can be enhanced only by proper road safety education.

Fire Safety Education – Top Things to Teach Children

Fire safety is one of the most important lessons you will get to learn in your lifetime. Not only are fires extremely dangerous, they can also claim lives and damage properties. Fire, which comes at the least moment you expect, is something that you should always be prepared for. This is why, education fire safety is at the forefront when it comes to teaching children about lessons in safety.

Parents, teachers, and child care providers should all work hand in hand to teach kids regarding the basic principles of fire safety. Here are some of the most important things that kids should learn.

1. Escape Routes

Whether in home or at school, children should know about escape routes. Older children who are mature enough to understand directions should be taught about the nearest fire exits located in the premises where they are usually at. It is also a must that they know the correct ways on how to escape. This can be done through a regular fire drill practice. Teach them to touch a door knob first before opening it so they know if there is fire on the other side. Have them practice crawling during the fire drill as poisonous smoke tends to rise above the air during fire.

2. Fire Safety Equipment

Kids should also know about the basic fire safety equipment including fire extinguishers, smoke alarms, fire ladders, fire hoses, fire blankets, and so on. They do not necessarily have to learn how to use each one of these but it is important for them to know what each one is for. For example, they need to know that smoke alarms give off a loud warning sound to indicate a fire accident. When kids hear this sound, they would know about the fire and they can respond to it the way they have been taught to do so. While children should not be taught to fight fire using fire equipment, they can be taught to use fire blankets to cover themselves while escaping the burning premises.

3. Preventive Measures

The phrase, “do not play with matches” has become a cliché BUT this does not in any way diminish its importance. Kids should be made to realise that playing with matches or any other dangerous item that is flammable or combustible can lead to serious dangers. Tell them the possible consequences of their actions so that they will not attempt to do these things out of curiosity.

4. Emergency Preparedness

Aside from learning about the escape route and knowing the proper ways on how to exit the burning premises, kids should also learn about one important thing on emergency preparedness and that is the Stop, Drop, and Roll method, which you should clearly illustrate to them by doing it yourself so they know what to do in case they or their clothing catch a fire.

Educating kids about fire safety is not that difficult since many of the kids today are smart and advanced in thinking. Just be sure that you do not miss out on anything important so they will be well informed regarding the rudiments of fire protection.

Gun Safes, Parental Education and Child Education Save Young Lives

ONE SHOT! A Child Fatality – Gun Safes and Parent Education Save Lives

As a father, and like the majority of fathers, I wake every day and think about my children, knowing I am going to be able to talk to them, maybe even give them some useful advice, sometimes hear them tell me I’m a dinosaur and above all know they are there to cuddle and love. My greatest fear and I’m sure I speak for all parents who love their children is that one of my kids should pass away before me.

To some, articles on accidental gun deaths and injuries to children and the associated appeals for gun safety is a recurring theme that has been done so often it no longer has any impact for readers. For families that have experienced the tragedy of child gun deaths and injuries this complacency about gun safety can never be tolerated. Nor can it be tolerated until we stop seeing newspaper headlines like the Associated Press article posted on 14th March 2012.

“Death of Washington boy third gun accident in 3 weeks”

It is only March 2012 and here we have the tragic story of a three year old that shot himself in the head with a gun left in his parent’s car. Police said the death of the three year old highlights the need for a greater awareness of firearm safety and for people to secure guns. This was the third accidental child shooting in three weeks two of which have been fatal. The week before a seven year old girl was killed when a sibling found and fired a gun left unattended in a car and a in February an eight year old girl was critically wounded when a gun fired inside the backpack of a 9-year-old boy as he put it on a desk.

One shot from an unsecured firearm and family life is turned upside down. The reverberations from that single fatal shot are not confined to the unimaginable guilt and grief experienced within the four walls of the family home, but has serious psychological, economic, and social consequences on the child’s friends, families, and communities. The occurrence of that one shot can often be traced back to parents incorrectly assuming their child is educated about gun safety, misconceptions about children’s ability to tell the difference between a real gun and toy gun and a belief their child knows not to handle a real gun.

M.S. Hardy in his article, ‘A firearm safety program for children: They just can’t say no’, noted; ‘It is difficult to persuade children and adolescents to stay away from guns or behave responsibly around them. Young children and those in elementary school frequently lack the ability to judge their probable risk of injury, identify hazardous situations, spot ways to prevent injury, or apply safety lessons they have learned in a classroom to the real world.’

In one experiment preschool children and their parents attended a session in which a police officer discussed the dangers of guns and asked children to promise never to touch one. After the session, the children were videotaped playing in a room where toy and real guns were hidden. Despite their promises, the children who had attended the class found and played with real guns at virtually the same rate as children who had received no instruction. Compounding this problem are studies that show 85% of parents who own guns do not practice safe gun storage.

What this type of research does indicate is that gun safety education aimed solely at children is not the answer, but rather identifies the need for a layered approach to gun safety education that not only includes gun safety education for parents but also for friends and acquaintances that have guns in their house. Keeping children safe from gun accidents starts at home. If you have a gun store it unloaded in a gun safe or pistol safe, store ammunition separate to guns and continually reinforce children with the message that guns are not toys and are NOT to be touched.